Mighty men and “red gold” of Kamchatka

Mighty men  and “red gold” of Kamchatka

Day 1. Meeting in the airport, accommodation in the hotel, dinner in native style.

Group of native artist is invited for dinner. They sing native songs, tell about traditions of native people of Kamchatka.

Day 2-4. Rafting on Bystraya river.

Day 2. Transfer   from the city to Malka settlement where rafting on Bystraya river starts. Malka is a very beautiful settlement . Malkinskiye famous   hot springs are located here. The water has a special composition and the temperature up to 84 degrees.

Day 3. Rafting on the Bystraya river.

Bystraya river (Malkinskaya) – the right tributary of the Big river is a typical mountainous river which flow among beautiful forests and mountains.   Here come for spawning salmon fishes such as king salmon, humpbacked salmon, sock-eye, pink salmon, rainbow trout.

Day 4. Finishing of the rafting. Return to Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky.

Day 5-7. Visiting of Mutnovsky, Gorely volcanoes and Dachnye hot springs.

Day 5. Climbing of Mutnovsky volcano.

Breakfast. Early departure, arrival, snacks. Trekking to the crater of Mutnovsky volcano, to fumarole sites, mud boilers, crater lake and to “Active funnel”. Observation of 80-meter water-fall Opasny. Hot tea. Lunch. Return to the camping.

Mutnovsky is a complex volcano made up of 4 stratovolcanoes. The highest one reaches 2,323m.

Its last explosive eruption with an ash column dates back to 1960/1961. However in 2000 and 2007 phreatic explosions took place.

Located in the eastern range, this volcano belongs to Mutnovsky-Gorely volcanic group, which is made up of three volcanoes. It is on the territory of South Kamchatka Nature Park. It is 45km north from Paratunka, 70km away from Petropavlsovsk-Kamchatksy and 70km away from Yelizovo.

At the foot of the Mutnovsky lies a geyser field, popularly known as the Lesser Valley of Geysers

Ascending this volcano allows visitors to appreciate its beauty: mud pools, explosive fumaroles, crater lakes, etc.

Day 6. Gorely volcano.

Breakfast. Transfer to the caves of Gorely volcano. Trekking to the volcano and caves. Lunch. Departure to the city.

Gorely volcano is a 1,829 meters high stratovolcano located in the centre of a caldera. It is part of South Kamchatka Nature Park. It is among the most active volcanoes of South Kamchatka.

This volcano of the eastern range belongs to Mutnovsky-Gorely volcanic group which is made up of 3 volcanoes. It is 45km north from Paratunka, 70km to the north-east of Petropavlsovsk-Kamchatksy and 70km north from Yelizovo.

Gorely is a large, long-lived shield-type volcano that is currently in an eruptive phase. Prior eruptions occurred in 1980-81 and 1984-86.

Several complexes compose the overall volcanic structure:

- ancient Pra-Gorely volcano which measures 20–25 km in diameter;

- a 12 km diameter caldera;

- thick stratum of ignimbrites totaling a volume of 100 km3;

- post-caldera eruption cinder cones;

- modern edifice – “Young Gorely” composed of three large superimposed cones and 11 associated craters forming a NW-SE trending intra-caldera ridgeline;

- a complex of 40 modern subsidiary cones on the slopes of “Young Gorely”.

Day 7. Dachnye hot springs.

The Dachniye hot springs are located in the north part of a great intermountain cuphole which borders on the Mutnovsky volcano in the south, the Dvugorbaya and the Skalistaya hills in the west and north, and the Zhyrovsky volcano in the east.

Earlier there were several groups of springs in the gullies and shallows at the bottom of the Skalistaya (Rocky) hill. There were many major and small vapour and water streams of different temperature.

The detailed observation of the springs adjoined area led to the conclusion about the major underground hydrothermal basin and made scientists start the prospecting. The prospect confirmed the underground heat enough for hydrothermal power plant. That’s why the Mutnovskayageothermal power plant was built.

Only one group of the springs remained - the most powerful and interesting west group. It is located in deep and steep gully. There are several warm grounds at the left slope with vapour streams and pools. There is a major pool at the bottom with the strongest vapour streams. A powerful steam-water fountain rises in the brook. The hot brook bed is dammed, and the bath water body is formed there.

Spokoiny (quiet) waterfall is located on the stream of the same name. Its springs from the caldera of volcano Gorely and flows into the middle reaches of Vilyucha River. The waterfall is 16 meters high and 5-6 meters wide. In this area the stream is narrow. 80 meters from it, a trail leading to Vilyuchinskiye hot springs was created. Siberian dwarf pine trees and alder bush growing on the steep slopes around the waterfall complete the beauty of the landscapes. It is part of South Kamchatka Nature Park.

Day 8. Sea trip.

Departure for the harbor to Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky. Excursion lasts for 6 hours.Then return to the city.

Avacha bay is located on the coast of the Pacific Ocean. This large bay (215 sq-meters) is 20km long. It maximum depth is 26 meters.

Its sinuous coasts, 129km long, include other bays such as Tikhaya and Malaya Lagernaya bays. At the North West of the bay are the mouths of Rivers Avacha and Paratunka. At the entrance of the bay rise the “Three Brothers” rocks, a major landmark.

This is the name given to the three rocks that protect the Avacha Bay from the Ocean’s waves.

According to the legend, at the time when the first colonies on the coast a terrible storm raged against the bay. The waves were so huge that the town was threatened to be taken away. That’s when three brothers decided to save their hometown. They walked into the sea and farther so the water was chest-high and there they formed an insurmountable obstacle for the waves. The storm did not stop for several days and night and the brothers became fossilized and turned into the three rocks that still now defend the bay and the city.

Starichkov Island is located in the Pacific Ocean. It is a small island: about 0.5 sq-meters. It rises North West 147.5 meters above sea level. Surrounded by steep cliffs, its top is covered by alder groves, and its slopes are covered with grass. Eleven sea bird species live on Starichkov Island in 44 colonies. The reefs around the island are the home of dotted seals as well as another rare seal species: Phoca vitulina stejnegeri. In the sea one can find killer whales and dolphins.

Starichkov island is declared to be natural monument to preserve colonies of birds and to create conditions for calm nesting and breeding of birds. Near the island - fishing and motor boating to the colony of birds nesting on the island. The tourists will also have an opportunity to see the rookery of seals. Killer whales and fur seals are met very often.

Tikhaya Bay is rather small (0.8km) and belongs to Avacha Bay. The surrounding area, made of cliffs, is very picturesque. Besides it enables to have an

original view of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky. Tikhaya Bay is well-known for halibut and plaice fishing.

We offer a 6-hour boat-tour along the Avacha bay coast. The route passes by «Sopka Lyubvi», the Tihaya bay, Babushkin kamen island, the Stanitskiy cape, the natural monument «Tri brata», rocks near the Sredniy cape. The route goal is unique Starichkov Island that got its name due to nesting there «stariki» birds.

An experienced diver will get sea-urchins, sea stars and crabs from the ocean floor during the tour.

Day 9. Avachinsky volcano.

Early departure from the city to Avachinsky volcano. Lunch (dinner ) in the canteen of the camping.

Avachinsky - is an active volcano on the Kamchatka Peninsula in the far east of Russia. It lies within sight of the capital of Kamchatka Krai, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky. Together with neighboring Koryaksky volcano, it has been designated a Decade Volcano, worthy of particular study in light of its history of explosive eruptions and proximity to populated areas.

Avachinsky's last eruption occurred in 2008. This eruption was tiny compared to the volcano's major Volcanic Explosivity Index 4 eruption in 1945.

Avachinsky is one of the 29 active volcanoes of Kamchatka and is located in the eastern range. It is on the territory of Nalychevo Nature Park included in the UNESCO World Cultural and Natural Heritage List. With volcanoes Aag and Koriaksky they make the “Three Volcanoes” Zoological Reserve.

Avachinsky is a 2,741 meters high stratovolcano and belongs to the Anchinsky-Koriaksky Volcanic group. Avachinsky as well as Koriaksky are located at the north east of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky and Yelizovo (30 km), you can easily observe them from the city.

Day 10. Free time.

Day 11. Departure.

Notes
Photo/Video
Comments

You can see

Avachinsky volcano
Mutnovsky volcano
Gorely volcano
Dachnye hot springs
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